No matter how good the forecast looks, there is always a chance that it might rain when you go camping. Rain does not have to ruin your trip. However, if you aren’t prepared for it, rain can make your camping trip pretty miserable (or even dangerous). So, before you set out, read this to learn what to do when it starts raining while camping.
- Gear for Camping in the Rain
- If you Have Kids
- Choosing a Rain-Safe Campsite
- Setting Up a Tent for Rain
- Cooking in the Rain while Camping
- Making a Campfire during/after Rain
- Other Tips for Camping in the Rain
Gear for Camping in the Rain
Planning for rain means having the right gear. Here is what you absolutely need for camping in the rain:
- A waterproof tent: A hydrostatic head of at least 2000 is recommended. You can also use a tarp + rope, but this requires a higher level of knowledge. More below on how to set up your tent for rain.
- A waterproof jacket or poncho: Be warned that “water resistant” and “waterproof” are NOT the same. Most hiking jackets are only water-resistant. They might keep you dry in a light shower, but you will be drenched if a downpour occurs.
- Waterproof cover for your backpack: Trash bags can work for this, but preferably you have a fitted cover like this one.
- Waterproof bags for sealing food: You can also use trash bags for this, or you can get a wet bag like this.
- Waterproof headlamp: Most good headlamps are waterproof. You will need this, like if you have to go to the bathroom at night while it is raining. Read how to choose a headlamp.
- Footwear that you can wear in the rain: Be warned that even “waterproof” boots are probably still going to get wet.
- Extra socks: Preferably wool or a synthetic which dries fast. You might also use the two-sock system to prevent blisters.
The backpack cover above comes in different sizes (10-90 liters) and colors. It will keep gear in your pack dry. You can get it here.
Optional Rain Gear/Supplies
- Waterproof pants: If you are camping in spring or rainy season, I would absolutely recommend getting waterproof pants. Most of them look like parachute pants from the 80s, but being prepared is fashionable. 🙂 Having waterproof pants means you can go outside in the rain, sit wherever the hell you want, and not get drenched. Here are my picks for waterproof pants.
- Tarp: Bring a giant tarp with you. Then you can set it up to make a rain shelter.
- Rope: You should always bring rope while camping. One reason is to you can make a clothesline to hang any items that need to be dried. Ideally, you run the clothesline under the tarp shelter you set up.
- Fire starters: Starting a campfire in the rain is a pain in the ass. Make life easier on yourself by bringing a few fire starters. My favorite is a cotton ball dipped in vaseline. It will burn for a long time!
- A Foam Sleeping Mat: After it rains, everything is wet. Having a foam sleeping pad is great. You can put it anywhere and sit on it – like in front of the fire — so your butt doesn’t get muddy and wet.
Waterproof pants (like these Arcteryx Zeta rain pants for women above) mean you can still enjoy nature without getting wet. See my top picks for women’s rain pants here. Or click here for men’s rain pants.
Check out the tarp setup above. It keeps the eating area dry. Tarps are also great for creating a shady spot on hot days.
If You Have Kids
Bear in mind that little kids have no clue how to be careful/stay dry when it rains. They will stomp right through giant puddles. They will sit in mud. They will slip and fall at the worst possible spots.
Even if you want to keep your kids inside the tent while camping (see ideas for games you can play in the tent later in the post), you’ve still got to consider that it will be muddy after the rain. So, regardless of whether the kids are going out in the rain, they need complete rain gear.
This rain gear includes a jacket (duh) AND rain boots AND rain pants.
The boots and jacket might seem obvious. However, I’m a huge fan of rain pants for kids. I even make my 1 year old wear them on trips to the local park. She can then crawl or sit wherever she wants, and I don’t have to worry about grass stains or muddy laundry.
Choosing a Rain-Safe Campsite
When setting up your campsite, keep in mind that it may rain. Look around you. Where will rain come down from the mountains above you? Will the river next to you likely surge?
- Choose a campsite on elevated land
- Make sure there aren’t any overhangs which water could run off of and onto your tent. You could end up at the bottom of a mudslide!
- Camp on well-drained land. Otherwise you are going to have to step through a mud pit to get in/out of your tent!
- Note the high-water mark in canyons or at dry stream beds. If it rains, flash floods could come to here and wipe you away!
Setting Up Your Tent for Rain
Your tent absolutely must be waterproof! Yes, this sounds obvious but you’d be surprised how many people go camping with a cheap $20 tent which provides no protection from the elements. When it rains, the water will flood the tent and turn it into a giant puddle. I’ve seen this happen to other campers.
Stake Down All Sides of the Rain Fly
My current tent is a double-wall tent (you can see it in the picture above). The inner wall is the tent, and the outer wall is the rain fly. When setting up the outer layer, it is really important that you stake down ALL the sides, including the corners and guylines on the walls.
If you don’t do this, the rain fly will droop from the pressure of the rain and the fly and inner tent wall will touch. This will cause condensation to form and your tent will get wet! Any gear touching the walls of the tent will also get wet from condensation!!!
If Your Tent Isn’t Waterproof…
If for some reason your tent isn’t rainproof and you can’t afford one which is, then you can set up a rain tarp. There are a bunch of different ways to do this. The easiest rain tarp configuration is probably to make a ridgeline over your tent, drape the tarp over it, and then secure all four corners in place. See how it was done in this image. You can also set up a rain tarp outside of your tent so you have a dry place to watch the rain fall.
You will also need to account for the fact that the tent isn’t waterproof underneath. If your rain tarp doesn’t cover up a significant amount of ground around the tent, then the water will fall near the edges of the tent. It will saturate the ground and spread into your tent. You might not be in a puddle, but you will be on top of wet, cold ground! Also, you’ll need to put a tarp under your tent. Make sure the edges of the tarp are curled down or it will just funnel water into your tent.
Example of Bad Tent Setup
Want an example of what NOT to do when camping in the rain? The guy in the picture below didn’t have a waterproof tent. Had he set up the rain tarp correctly, he would have been fine. Instead he:
- Didn’t stake out the corners and sides of the tarp. The tarp touched the sides of the tent, causing them to get wet through condensation.
- Did factor in the bottom of the tent. Since the tarp wasn’t staked out far from the tent, water just dripped to edges of the tent. Within minutes, the bottom of the tent was soaked.
- They also left gear outside of the tent, and I bet those sneakers are going to take days to dry!
Cooking during the Rain when Camping
Campfire cooking might be difficult to do in the rain, but you can still use your camping stove in the rain (read about camping stoves here). Just put on your waterproof gear and cook on the camp stove as you normally would. But…
NEVER COOK INSIDE YOUR TENT!
Aside from the obvious fire hazard, there is also a risk of carbon monoxide poisoning if you use gas or charcoal for fuel.
I admit to being lazy at times and sitting with my butt inside the tent and my cook stove right outside of the tent. This is fine because the stove is still outside. Otherwise, we just munch on our trail mix and wait until the rain is over to make meals.
Tip: Bring Meals which Don’t Have to Be Cooked
I now dehydrate all of my own backpacking meals. This means I can bring some really badass gourmet food on our camping trips, but it still only takes a few minutes to prepare. Most dehydrated meals don’t even need to be cooked. You can just add water to them and wait (though it will rehydrate a lot faster if you use hot or boiling water).
Making a Fire After the Rain
Making a fire when it is dry is fairly easy. But, what about campfires after the rain when everything is wet? It takes some knowledge, but is still pretty easy. I’ve got to admit that I feel proud when I get a roaring campfire going when camping in the rain.
Here are the basic steps. Read the detailed instructions on how to make a fire in the rain here.
- Scrape away the wet ground so you have a dry base to make your fire on. Or you can lay down dense branches and make your fire on top of them.
- Use the wood from the bottle of your pile. If you stacked it nicely, it should still be semi-dry.
- Choose the right fire lay for rain. These include an upside down fire or an A-frame fire.
- Use lots of tiny, dry tinder.
- If you can’t find any dry tinder, use your knife to shave the wet bark off of sticks. Keep shaving the stick to create lots of little dry pieces of wood.
Other Tips for Camping in the Rain
Keeping Gear Dry
The moment you suspect that it is going to rain, you need to bring your gear to a safe, dry spot (you should be keeping your campsite tidy anyway). Bring in EVERYTHING, even the stuff that is waterproof. If you can’t bring the gear inside your tent, then you better have a tarp to cover it or make a tarp rain shelter.
I made the mistake of not bringing in the camp cookset once because I figured the aluminum plates were waterproof. After the rain stopped, I had to clean lots of dirt and pine needles off the cookset before using it. I learned my lesson and now keep all gear dry.
Games You Can Play in the Tent
Since it usually doesn’t rain for very long while camping in the mountains, my daughter and I usually just retreat to the tent when it starts raining. We always find ways to have fun while in the tent.
One time, we just watched the silhouettes of giant slugs crawling over the outside of the tent. It was actually really fun.
Another time, I found a piece of wire someone had left at the campground and we shaped it into a bunny.
Other times, we get out her notebook and markers (one of the only toys I let her bring camping) and draw, practice writing/reading, or tear up pieces of paper to play Memory.
Here are some other ideas for games you can play inside the tent:
- Bring a deck of cards and play any number of games
- Shadow puppets using your flashlights
- Tell stories
You Can Still Go Outdoors When It is Raining
Just because it is raining, it doesn’t mean that you can’t play outside. All you need is a rain jacket or poncho, and preferably some waterproof boots (you can walk outside in your camp sandals, but bear in mind that it gets slippery in the rain so boots are better) and rain pants.
We had some nice showers on our last camping trip in the mountains. Isabel didn’t feel like staying in the tent though, so I let go out and pick wild blueberries and strawberries. While she was doing that, I tested myself to see if I could get a fire going in the rain. Yes, I succeeded!
Contingency Plan for Rain
Even if the weather forecast calls for sunshine every single day, you should still plan for your camping trip as though it will rain. I sometimes make a contingency plan in case it pours for days without stop.
For example, when backpacking in Rugova Klisura in Kosovo, I knew that there were cabins for rent by the trail head. The trail to the campsite is very steep. I wasn’t about to hike up it with a 4-year old in the rain! The rain contingency plan was that we’d wait until dry weather to go up. Luckily, I’ve never had to use my contingency plan.
Rain Is Beautiful!
Okay, maybe the rain itself isn’t always beautiful. But I love the moments after the rain stops. If you are high up in the mountains, you can literally see the clouds clearing away. It looks like steam floating across the ground. Sometimes it feels like you can touch it. And, if you are in a plain, you might even get a rainbow afterwards 🙂 So enjoy the rain! We wouldn’t have such beauty without it.
Sean Munson Tents and Puddle CC BY NC ND 2.0, found on Flickr
Joseph Tarp camp, Southeast Alaska CC BY SA 2.0
Thejaswi I Our tent CC BY SA 2.0
Grant Eaton Denali Double Rainbow Panorama CC BY NC ND 2.0
Daniel Ladenhauf Dry Campground CC BY NC 2.0
“Rainy Campsite” (CC BY-SA 2.0) by Martin Cathrae